Cholangiocarcinoma

Overview

DJT_Cholangiocarcinoma_1-scaled.jpgCholangiocarcinoma is a rare cancer that can develop anywhere within the biliary tree or within the liver. It is commonly identified after the tumor obstructs the bile ducts which results in jaundice and sometimes extreme itching. Cholangiocarcinoma can be located in the lower common bile duct, the mid-portion of the bile duct, where the ducts converge coming out of the liver (Hilar cholangiocarcinoma), or within the liver itself. Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is the most common and also the most complicated to treat given its proximity to important blood vessels entering the liver.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure used initially to obtain a biopsy of the tissue, precisely define the location of the tumor and its extent, and to relieve biliary obstruction by the placement of a stent. This type of cancer typically develops a dense inflammatory reaction around it which makes traditional brush biopsies and/or needle biopsies unsuccessful, so a special probe with a camera on the end is placed within the bile duct to visualize the tumor and take direct biopsies with a tiny forceps. Once a biopsy and other tests are performed, a multidisciplinary team including an HPB surgeon, a medical oncologist, a radiation oncologist, and a host of other ancillary support personnel team develops a treatment plan.

Related Procedures

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

This procedure is used to obtain a biopsy of the tumor and also to relieve biliary obstruction related to the tumor by the placement of a stent.

Whipple procedure

This procedure is also known as a pancreaticoduodenectomy. It involves removing the head of the pancreas, the duodenum, the distal bile duct, and the gallbladder. This procedure is performed when the tumor is located in the head of the pancreas. The whipple procedure is performed through both open and robotic approaches by Dr. Tierney.

Extrahepatic bile duct resection

This procedure removes the portion of the bile duct that is located between the liver and the head of the pancreas.

Liver resection

This is a surgical operation done to remove a portion of the liver. The liver is the body’s largest internal organ. It plays a vital role in digestion, producing bile to breakdown food.

Before surgery

The steps followed before surgery are:

  • An office visit for surgical consultation where a comprehensive history and physical exam is performed.
  • Completion of clinical tests for workup and staging.
  • Multidisciplinary tumor board review for an expert recommendation regarding treatment strategy.

After surgery

The type of surgical procedure done determines the kind of post-surgery care required. Post care after a surgical operation involves:

  • A brief admission to the ICU is sometimes required for complex procedures such as a whipple procedure. Recovery then continues in the hospital ward for another three to five days. Procedures performed robotically typically have a faster recovery and can expect discharge from the hospital one or two days earlier than after open procedures. 
  • The goals of postoperative care include: monitoring for and intervening on any complications that can occur, awaiting the resumption of normal bowel function, maintaining adequate hydration and nutrition, physical and occupational rehabilitation, and providing adequate pain control. Once these measures are met, the patient will be discharged from the hospital. Post-operative follow-up will be scheduled one week from discharge with Dr. Tierney.
Why Dr. Tierney is the Best for Cholangiocarcinoma
Dr. Joshua S. Tierney Whipple Procedure

Why Dr. Tierney is the Best for Cholangiocarcinoma

Dr. Tierney is a great option for patients diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma. He is the only surgeon in Northern Colorado who performs both ERCP and complex HPB procedures used to treat cholangiocarcinoma. This is a great advantage to patients as he understands all aspects of the complicated process for treatment of cholangiocarcinoma. He is a highly-experienced HPB surgeon known for treating his patients with the utmost personal care and attention.

Dr. Tierney is backed by a team of professional and very accommodating staff trained to provide excellent patient care. The staff shares Dr. Tierney’s passion for serving the patients. Thus, they are always there to provide assistance before, during, and after treatment.