Overview

DJT_Colon_1-scaled.jpgColon and rectal surgery, commonly known as colorectal surgery, is a broad field of medical operations used to treat various ailments that affect the lower part of the gastrointestinal tract. These diseases include colon cancer, rectal cancer, colitis, Crohn’s disease, twisting of the colon (volvulus), diverticulitis, anal fissures, hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse, and large polyps.

Polyps are growths that protrude from the inner wall of the large bowel. While not all polyps develop into cancerous tumors, an individual with polyps is usually at a higher risk for developing colorectal cancer. Some of these colorectal ailments like volvulus, result from acute symptoms that need emergency treatment procedures. Colon cancer takes a long time to get noticed as they grow gradually. A routine colonoscopy can identify colon cancer.

A screening colonoscopy is a recommendation for individuals 50 and up and those with higher risk factors. This procedure is also for individuals under 50 who are experiencing gastrointestinal bleeding. Having routine screening is essential in identifying pre-cancerous polyps removed endoscopically to prevent growing into cancerous tumors. A primary care doctor or a gastroenterologist does a routine colonoscopy. If the treatment path recommends surgery, the case gets forwarded to a surgeon.

There are several types of colorectal surgery operations;

Related Procedures

Laparoscopic Colectomy

Laparoscopic colectomy also called a minimally invasive colectomy, involves several small incisions in the abdomen. A tiny video camera is inserted through one incision and the surgeon uses special surgical tools through the other incisions to remove the diseased areas.

Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery

Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEMS) is a procedure performed entirely through the anus and rectum remove large rectal polyps and early-stage rectal cancer.

Laparoscopic Repair of Rectal Prolapse

Laparoscopic rectopexy is used to repair rectal prolapse. The rectum is restored to its normal position in the pelvis so that it no longer protrudes through the anus.

Robotic Colon & Rectal Surgery

DJT_Colon_2-scaled.jpgThe colon and rectum are tasked with the removal of solid waste from the digestive tract. These organs are susceptible to several diseases among them colon polyps, colitis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Crohn’s disease, and colorectal cancer. Colon polyps and colorectal cancer are successfully treated using surgery. Robotic colon and rectal surgery is a minimally invasive procedure offered in situations where robotic surgeons determine the safety and benefits for patients. Like any other minimally invasive method, robotic colon and rectal surgery depend on small incisions that can minimize the rates of complications compared to open surgery or large incision. 

The robot enables finer rectum dissections, considering how tight the space of their location is. Robotic colorectal surgery is a treatment option recommended for colon cancer, rectal cancer, diverticulitis, and inflammatory bowel disease. Robotic colon and rectal surgery offer various benefits over laparoscopy. It is often preferred because of the reduced rate of complications after surgery, faster recovery, less pain, and returning to work earlier. Minimally invasive robotic surgery achieves high success levels in treating these conditions because it is more accurate and able to access these organs considering their location.

Colon and Rectal General Surgery

DJT_Colon_3-scaled.jpgThe colon and rectum function can be impaired by several diseases. Colorectal surgery is prescribed for different types of diseases affecting the lower colon (sigmoid) and rectum including colon polyps, colitis, hemorrhoids, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and colorectal cancer. Colorectal surgery removes the affected part or all of the colon and/or rectum. Diverticulitis is the most common ailment of the sigmoid colon. Other ailments include inflammatory bowel disease and hemorrhoids. The colon and rectum can also be afflicted by different types of colon and rectal cancers. The general term used for these cancers is colorectal cancer. These types of cancers are treated by removing part or all of the diseased colon or rectum. These surgical operations include Colectomy, Colostomy, Hemorrhoidectomy, Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis (J-Pouch), and Rectopexy.

Before surgery

The steps followed before surgery are:

  • An office visit for surgical consultation where a comprehensive history and physical exam is performed.
  • Completion of clinical tests for workup and staging.
  • Multidisciplinary tumor board review for an expert recommendation regarding treatment strategy.

After surgery

The type of surgical procedure done determines the kind of post-surgery care required. Post care after a surgical operation involves:

  • A brief admission to the ICU is sometimes required for complex procedures such as a whipple procedure. Recovery then continues in the hospital ward for another three to five days. Procedures performed robotically typically have a faster recovery and can expect discharge from the hospital one or two days earlier than after open procedures. 
  • The goals of postoperative care include: monitoring for and intervening on any complications that can occur, awaiting the resumption of normal bowel function, maintaining adequate hydration and nutrition, physical and occupational rehabilitation, and providing adequate pain control. Once these measures are met, the patient will be discharged from the hospital. Post-operative follow-up will be scheduled one week from discharge with Dr. Tierney.
Why Choose Dr. Tierney for Colon & Rectal Surgery?
Dr. Joshua S. Tierney Whipple Procedure

Why Choose Dr. Tierney for Colon & Rectal Surgery?

Colorectal surgeries are complicated and come with high risks involved. That is why you need the best hands in each case. Dr. Joshua S. Tierney, MD, is one of the most accomplished surgical oncologists in the country, with hundreds of successful operations. He has a Bachelor of Science Degree from Purdue University (2006), a Doctor of Medicine certification from the Indiana University School of Medicine (2011).

Dr. Tierney has extensive experience in a variety of colorectal surgery procedures using both traditional and robotic surgery. He also has a highly experienced and knowledgeable team that is involved in the whole process. Each decision is made after input from the concerned professional, e.g., the radiology report from ultrasound imaging. Dr. Tierney’s clinic is one of the few that are fully capable of doing robotic surgery procedures.

Do you have a gastrointestinal condition that needs urgent attention? Discuss it with Dr. Tierney on phone number 970-221-5878.